تأثیر برنامۀ تفکر سازنده (PATHS) بر شایستگی اجتماعی و هیجانی، واسطه‌های عصبی- شناختی و هیجانی، اختلالات برون‌نمود و ارتباط آن با سلامت جسمی و روانی کودکان

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار روانشناسی سلامت پژوهشگاه مطالعات آموزش و پرورش

چکیده

مقدمه: اختلالات رفتاری بعنوان شایعترین اختلالات دورۀ کودکی هزینه‌های بهداشتی، فردی، خانوادگی، آموزشی، اجتماعی و اقتصادی فراوانی دارند که از طریق واسطه‌های عصیبی-شناختی و هیجانی تأثیری گسترده بر سلامت جسمی و روانی کودکان دارند. هدف از این مطالعه بررسی تأثیر نسخۀ فارسی برنامۀ PATHS بر کاهش مشکلات و اختلالات رفتاری برون‌نمود کودکان بود. روش: از نوع شبه آزمایشی(گروههای کنترل نامعادل) بود. به این منظور تعداد 600 دانش‌آموز پسر سنین 6 تا 12 سال از پایه‌های آمادگی تا پایۀ ششم بر اساس ملاکهای ورودی همسانی طبقات اجتماعی و اقتصادی و شرایط آموزشی و فقدان اختلالات شدید جسمی و روانی بصورت در دسترس انتخاب و بصورت تصادفی در دو گروه کنترل و آزمایشی جایگزین شدند. هر دو گروه پیش و پس از مداخلات به وسیلۀ فرم گزارش معلم آخنباخ (TRF) مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. گروه آزمایشی به مدت یک سال تحصیلی (هفته­ای دو جلسه) تحت مداخلۀ برنامۀ PATHS قرار گرفت. همزمان گروه کنترل برنامه‌های متعارف خود را دریافت کرد. یافته‌ها: با استفاده از تحلیل کواریانس روشن شد که گروه آزمایشی در خرده‌مقیاسهای اختلالات برون‌نمود TRF کاهش معنی‌داری نشان داده‌اند و این تفاوت کاهش در مقایسه با گروه کنترل نیز معنادار بوده است (05/0pنتیجه گیری: این مطالعه با توجه به خلاء برنامه‌های جامع، مستمر و مبتنی بر شواهد برای این دسته از مداخلات، چشم‌انداز روشنی را برای گسترش چنین برنامه‌هایی ترسیم می‌کند

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of PATHS Program on Social and Emotional Competence, Neurocognitive and Emotional Mediators, Externalized Disorders and It's Relationship with Children's Physical and Mental Health

نویسنده [English]

  • Behnam Behrad
Assistant professor of Health Psychology, Research Institute of Education
چکیده [English]

Objective: Behavioral disorders are the most common Childhood problems. They have many health, individual, family, educational, social and economic consequences and costs and through neurocognitive and emotional mediators have a great effect on children's physical and mental health. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of PATHS program (Persian version) on children's externalized behavioral disorders and problems.Method: 600 students ages 6 to 12 include grades k-6 based on inclusion criteria such as social and economic class, educational settings and absence of severe physical and mental problems were selected conventionally and assigned in experimental and control groups randomly. Both groups were assessed by the Achenbach Teacher Report Form (TRF) before and after interventions. The experimental group received PATHS program for 1 educational year (two sessions per week), While the control group received custom educations. Result: The results by ANCOVA indicated that the externalized behavioral disorders in the experimental group decreased significantly (pConclusion: Results of the study have implications for using evidence-based programs such as PATHS for behavioral and preventive purposes and have a promising perspective for extending such programs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • PATHS Program
  • Social and Emotional Competence
  • Externalized Behavioral Disorders
  • Children's Physical and Mental Health
  • Neurocognitive Mediators

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