ترس از پیشرفت بیماری در بیماران مبتلا به سرطان و مولتیپل اسکلروزیس و رابطه آن با مشکلات عاطفی

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه الزهراء،

2 استادیار روانشناسی دانشگاه الزهراء

چکیده

مقدمه: ترس از پیشرفت بیماری از مشکلات رایج و دلایل اصلی پریشانی در بیماری­های مزمن می­باشد. این ترس می­تواند اثرات مخربی از جمله مشکلات عاطفی بر بیماران مبتلا به بیماری­های جسمی مزمن اعمال کند. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی رابطه ترس از پیشرفت بیماری با اضطراب، استرس و افسردگی در بین بیماران ام اس و سرطان  بود. روش: نمونه پژوهش مشتمل بر 212 بیمار زن مبتلا به ام اس و سرطان بود که با روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه ترس از پیشرفت و مقیاس اضطراب، استرس و افسردگی بود. یافته ها: نتایج نشان داد که ترس از پیشرفت با اضطراب، استرس و افسردگی رابطه مثبت و معناداری دارد. در مجموع نتایج این تحلیل نشان داد که مدل مورد آزمون 48/0 درصد واریانس متغیر مشکلات عاطفی را تبیین می­نماید. از دیگر یافته­های این تحقیق این بود که ترس از پیشرفت بیماری در بیماران سرطانی بیشتر از بیماران ام اس می­باشد. نتیجه گیری: بنابراین در راستای اداره و برنامه ریزی مراقبت­های بهداشتی بیماری­های مزمن از جمله ام اس و سرطان توجه به ترس از پیشرفت بیماری در این بیماران حائز اهمیت می­باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Fear of disease progression in patients with cancer and multiple sclerosis and its relation to emotional problems

نویسندگان [English]

  • S.Fateme Manafi 1
  • GHolamreza Dehshiri 2
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Fear of disease progression is common problems and the main causes of distress in chronic disease. This fear can have destructive effect, including emotional problems of patients with chronic physical diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between fear of disease progression with anxiety, stress and depression among multiple sclerosis and cancer patients. Methods: The sample of this research consisted of 212 female patients with multiple sclerosis and 102 cancers that were selected by convenience sampling method. The assessment tools have been including fear of progression questionnaire and depression, anxiety and stress scale. Results: The results showed that significant positive relationships were found for fear of progression and anxiety, stress and depression. All in all, the result of this analysis showed that the tested model explain 48 percentage of the variance of emotional problems. Another finding of this study was that the fear of disease progression in patients with cancer was much more than in patients with multiple sclerosis. Conclusion: Thus, due to administration and planning health care of chronic diseases, including multiple sclerosis and cancer, the consideration of fear of disease progression in these patients is important.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Fear of disease progression
  • emotional problems
  • cancer
  • Multiple Sclerosis

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