عنوان مقاله [English]
Objective: Loneliness is one of the fundamental problems of old people that many factors are involved in the development or aggravation of that. Any factor, such as migration, that reduces the kinship network, can be considered as effective factor. There are many studies about migration as a common phenomenon in most rural of Iran, but few answered to this question: what are the effects of migration on who left behind in rural areas. Method: we choice the rural areas of Bardaskan, which there are some or most families with some or all migrate children. The method was quantitative and based on designed questionnaire with reference to related standard questionnaires such as UCLA and De Jong Gierveld scale. 357 old residents in villages that at least have a child have chosen and interviewed. The respondents have selected based on multi-stage sampling and combined of cluster and simple random sampling from 9 villages. Findings: The results showed migration of children cause interruption in family network and interaction with its members intensively. Migration have a noticeably effects on loneliness feeling in elders and this persist even when other variables controlled. Other variables consist of overall health, marriage status, financial situation, and gender; have significant effect on loneliness feeling in goal group. Conclusion: These variables, in sum, explain about half of total variances of loneliness feeling.