خودمهارگری و سلامت: نقش تعدیل‌کننده شفقت‌خود

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی سلامت، دانشگاه تهران. ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه تهران. ایران.

3 استاد گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور. ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: بسیاری از مشکلات سلامتی انسان مستقیماً ناشی از انتخاب‌های رفتاری است، اما معمولاً افراد به روشی که به ارتقای سلامتی و طول عمر آن‌ها منجر شود، رفتار نمی‌کنند. هدف این مطالعه بررسی نقش شفقت خود در رابطه‌ی میان خودمهارگری و رفتارهای مربوط به سلامتی است. روش: به این منظور 127 دانشجوی روانشناسی دانشگاه تهران (45 پسر و 82 دختر با سن 18 تا 33 سال) پرسشنامه‌ 4 بعدی سنجش سلامت و فرم کوتاه مقیاس شفقت خود و خودمهارگری را تکمیل کردند. یافته­ها: یافته‌ها نشان داد خودمهارگری و شفقت خود با سلامت همبستگی مثبت دارند و تحلیل رگرسیون سلسله مراتبی، نقش تعدیل‌کنندگی شفقت خود را در رابطه‌ی خودمهارگری و سلامت نشان داد، به صورتی که در افراد با شفقت خود بالاتر، خودمهارگری پیش‌بین قوی‌تری برای سلامت بود. نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به نقش شفقت خود در مراحل خودمهارگری (انتخاب هدف، پیگیری، ارزیابی هدف و تنظیم هیجانات) مؤلفه‌های سلامت قابل تبیین هستند

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Self-Control And Health: The Moderating effect of Self-Compassion

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zoha Saeedi 1
  • Hadi Bahrami 2
  • Ahmad Alipour 3
1 PhD Student in Health Psychology, Tehran University, Iran.
2 Associate Professor of Deparment of Psychology, Tehran University, Iran
3 Professor of Department of Psychologu, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Objective: Many health problems arise directly from people`s behavioral choices, but people often do not behave in ways that could improve their health and extend their lives. The purpose of this study is to explore how self-compassion may play a role in relationship between self-control and health. Methods: To do so, 127 students (45 males and 82 females) of the university of Tehran filled four-dimensional measure of health questionnaire and short form of self-compassion and self-control scales. Findings: The results revealed that self-compassion and self-control were correlated positively with health and the result of hierarchical regression analysis showed the moderating effect of self-compassion on the relationship between self-control and health. So that, in the higher level of self-compassion, self-control was a better predictor of health. Conclusion: These results are discussed in terms of the role of self-compassion in the stages of self-control (setting goals, taking action, evaluation and emotion regulation).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Health
  • Self-Control
  • self-compassion
  • Moderator effect

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