نقش واسطه‌ای راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان در رابطه بین آسیب پرهیزی و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی در والدین کودکان مبتلا به سرطان

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشیار دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

4 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: سرطان کودکی، تهدیدکننده زندگی و چالشی بزرگ برای خانواده است و سازگاری و سلامت روانی اعضای خانواده را تحت تأثیر قرار می‌دهد. عوامل بسیاری در بهزیستی افراد در شرایط استرس‌زا نقش دارند. آسیب پرهیزی و راهبردهای تنظیم هیجان ازجمله عوامل تأثیرگذار محسوب می‌شوند. هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی نقش واسطه­ای راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان در رابطه بین آسیب پرهیزی و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی در والدین کودکان مبتلا به سرطان بود. روش: این پژوهش، یک مطالعه اکتشافی از نوع همبستگی است. از میان والدین کودکان سرطانی مراجعه‌کننده به سه بیمارستان،140 نفر (70 مرد، 70 زن) به روش در دسترس انتخاب شدند. از شرکت‌کنندگان خواسته شد که پرسشنامه تنظیم شناختی هیجان (CERQ)، زیرمقیاس آسیب پرهیزی از مقیاس مزاج و منش (TCI) و زیرمقیاس بهزیستی روان‌شناختی از مقیاس سلامت روانی (MHI) را تکمیل کنند. یافته‌ها: نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که آسیب پرهیزی و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی با راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان رابطه دارند. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد که رابطه بین آسیب پرهیزی و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی تحت تأثیر راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان قرار می‌گیرد. نتیجه‌گیری: بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که رابطه آسیب پرهیزی و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی یک رابطه خطی ساده نیست و راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان در این رابطه نقش واسطه‌ای دارند. بررسی تأثیر راهبردهای تنظیم هیجان و ویژگی‌ها شخصیتی بر یکدیگر تبیین دقیق‌تری از نقش هر یک در رفتار و نهایتاً سلامت روانی در اختیار پژوهشگران قرار خواهد داد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The mediating role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on the relationship between harm avoidance and psychological well-being in parents of children with cancer

نویسندگان [English]

  • M.Ali Besharat 1
  • Nasrin Zamani 2
  • Alireza Moafi 3
  • Hadi Bahram ehsani 4
1 Professor, Department of Psychology, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2 M.A in Clinical Psychology, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Isfahan Medical Sciences University, Isfahan, Iran.
4 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cognitive Emotion Regulation
  • harm avoidance
  • psychological well-being
  • pediatric cancer

Objective: Pediatric cancer is a life threating and challenge for family and it may affect adjustment and mental health of the family members. Many factors such as harm avoidance and emotion regulation strategies may have a role in people's wellbeing when coping with stressful situations. The aim of the present study was to examine the mediating role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on the relationship between harm avoidance and psychological well-being in parents of children with cancer. Method: Method of the present exploratory study was correlational. A sample of 140 parents of children with cancer (70 men, 70 women) referred to one of the 3 assigned hospitals have been selected through convenience sampling method. All participants were asked to complete Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), harm avoidance subscale of Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and psychological well-being subscale of Mental Health Inventory (MHI). Findings: The results showed that harm avoidance and psychological well-being are correlated with cognitive emotion regulation strategies. Regression analysis releaved that the relationship between harm avoidance and psychological well-being was mediated by cognitive emotion regulation strategies. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the relationship between harm avoidance and psychological well-being is not a simple linear one. This is partly mediated by cognitive emotion regulation strategies. Investigating the reciprocal effect of emotion regulation strategies and personality characteristics provides researcher with a more precise explanation of the role each of which may has on behavior and mental health.

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