مقایسه ویژگی‌های پنج عامل شخصیت در دانشجویان بدون و در معرض اعتیاد به اینترنت

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

استادیار، دانشگاه پیام نور. ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: اعتیاد به اینترنت در دانشجویان یکی از اعتیادهای جدید در جوامع مدرن محسوب می­شود. لذا هدف این پژوهش، مقایسه ویژگی­های پنج عامل شخصیت در دانشجویان بدون و در معرض اعتیاد به اینترنت در گرمسار بود. روش: این پژوهش یک مطالعه علی ـ مقایسه ­ای است. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را کلیه دانشجویان دختر و پسر کارشناسی گرمسار در سال 2013 تشکیل داد که 286 نفر به شکل نمونه­گیری تصادفی خوشه­ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار گردآوری داده­ها پرسشنامه­های اعتیاد به اینترنت یانگ و فرم کوتاه نئو بود. یافته­ ها: تحلیل داده­ها نشان داد که بین رتبه نمرات شرکت­کنندگان گروه بدون و در معرض اعتیاد به اینترنت در عامل­های برون­گرایی، توافق­گرایی و وظیفه ­شناسی تفاوت معنادار وجود داشت (05/0p<) به‌گونه‌ای که شرکت­کنندگان گروه در معرض اعتیاد به اینترنت در هر یک از عوامل مذکور رتبه کمتری در مقایسه با گروه بدون اعتیاد به اینترنت را گزارش کردند. نتیجه ­گیری: سه مؤلفه شخصیتی برون­گرایی، توافق­گرایی و وظیفه­ شناسی در افراد در معرض اعتیاد به اینترنت کمتر از افراد بدون اعتیاد به اینترنت است. ازاین‌رو، به نظر می­رسد افراد در معرض اعتیاد به اینترنت به‌واسطه سرد برخورد بودن کمتر با دیگران توافق می­ کنند وظیفه‌شناسی کمتری را گزارش می­ کنند، ازاین‌رو برای گذران وقت خود به اینترنت پناه می­ برند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Comparison of five-factor NEO Personality traits in non-addiction and addiction students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nazila Khatib Zanjani
  • M. Aghahheris
Assistant Professor, Payame noor University, Iran
چکیده [English]

Objective: The Internet addiction among students in university is one of the modern addictions in modern societies. The purpose of this research was to compare of five-factor NEO personality traits among non-addiction and exposed to addiction students in Garmsar. Methods: This research was a comparative- causality study. The statistical population included all male and female bachelor`s degree students in Garmsar university during 2013 that 286 subjects were randomly selected by multistage clustering. Data was collected by two questionnaires including Yung`s Internet addiction test and the short form of five-factor Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Findings: Data analysis revealed a significant difference in non-addiction and exposed to addiction students between the personality traits of extroversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness (p<0.05). So the participants of exposed to addiction groups have less degree than non-addiction students. Conclusions: Three personality traits of extroversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness are less in exposed addiction students than non-addiction groups. So, exposed to addiction students because of introversion have less agreeableness with others and reported less conscientiousness, so they spent much time on internet.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Internet addiction"
  • "Students"
  • "extroversion"
  • "agreeableness"
  • "conscientiousness"

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