مقایسه راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان در افراد مبتلا به سردرد میگرنی، سردرد تنشی و افراد بهنجار

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‏شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه شیراز. شیراز. ایران.

2 دانشگاه شیراز

3 دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی و مقایسه راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان در زنان و مردان مبتلا به سردرد میگرنی، سردرد تنشی و افراد بهنجار بود. روش: طی یک طرح علی ـ مقایسه­ای دو گروه 30 نفری از کلیه بیماران مبتلا به سردرد میگرنی و سردرد تنشی، مراجعه‌کننده به کلینیک نورولوژی بیمارستان امام حسین (ع) تهران با تشخیص نورولوژیست در چهارچوب ملاک‌های تشخیصی انجمن بین‌المللی سردرد به‌صورت در دسترس انتخاب و با گروه بهنجار همتاسازی شدند. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه راهبردهای تنظیم­ شناختی هیجان بود. داده‏های پژوهش با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره و آزمون تعقیبی توکی مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گرفتند. یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان دادند که افراد مبتلا به سردرد میگرنی نسبت به گروه بهنجار از راهبردهای مثبت کمتری استفاده می‌کنند. همچنین زنان در هر دو گروه مبتلا به سردرد میگرنی و بهنجار از مردان مبتلا به میگرن و بهنجار در استفاده از راهبردهای مثبت نمرات بالاتری کسب کردند. نتیجه‌گیری: آموزش تنظیم هیجان با آگاه نمودن مبتلایان به سردرد از هیجان‏ها‏‏ی مثبت و منفی خود سلامت روان آنان را ارتقاء بخشد؛ بنابراین آموزش راهبردهای تنظیم شناختی هیجان به این گروه پیشنهاد می‏شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Comparison of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies Among Patient With Migrain Headache, Tention Headache and Normal Individuals

نویسنده [English]

  • arezoo hosseini 1
1 M.A in Clinical Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Objective: The goal of this study was to compare facets of cognitive emotion regulation strategies in patient with migraine headache, tension headache and normal individuals. Method: The design of this study was causal- comparative and statistical study population included all patients with migraine and tension headache referred to neurology clinic of Tehran Imam Hossein Hospital at May-December 2012. The sample of study included 30 patients with migraine headache, 30 patients with tension headache and 30 normal individuals. The instrument was Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ). The data was analyzed by MANOVA and HOC Tukey test. Findings: The results showed that people with migraine headaches had less positive strategies than normal ones. Also, women in both migraine headaches and normal migraine and normal men scored higher scores in using positive strategies. Conclusion: The training of emotional regulation by promoting the emotional excitement of patients with headache improves their mental health. Therefore, teaching strategies for cognitive emotion management is suggested to this group.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cognitive Emotion Regulation
  • Migraine
  • Tension headache
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