مقایسه باورهای غیر منطقی، خودکارآمدی و بهزیستی روانشناختی در بیماران مبتلا به سردردهای میگرنی و افراد سالم

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

2 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشدروانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اردبیل، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: این مطالعه مقایسه باورهای غیرمنطقی، خود کارآمدی و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی در بیماران مبتلا به سردردهای میگرنی و افراد سالم بود. روش: این پژوهش پس رویدادی از نوع (مقطعی ـ مقایسه‌ای) بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را کلیه زنان و مردان مبتلا به سردرد میگرن و کلیه زنان و مردان سالم شهر اردبیل در سال 1390 تشکیل می­دادند. آزمودنی­های پژوهش 30 نفر از مبتلایان به سردرد میگرنی مراجعه‌کننده به کلینیک‌های روان‌پزشکی و مغز و اعصاب شهر اردبیل بود که به روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب و 30 فرد سالم بود که به شیوه همتا سازی (بر اساس سن، سطح تحصیلات و وضعیت اجتماعی اقتصادی) انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده­ها از پرسشنامه باورهای غیرمنطقی، خود کارآمدی و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی استفاده شد. یافته­ها: نتایج تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره (MANOVA) و ضریب همبستگی نشان داد که بین دو گروه میگرنی و سالم در سه متغیر خود کارآمدی، باورهای غیرمنطقی و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی در سطح (01/0≥P) تفاوت معنادار وجود دارد. نتیجه­گیری: این نتایج نشان داد بسیاری از مشکلات روانی ریشه در باورها و افکار غیرمنطقی در مورد خود، دیگران و جهان پیرامون دارد. به‌عبارتی‌دیگر باورهای غیرمنطقی در افراد میگرنی باعث می­شود که در زندگی تنش و اضطراب بیشتری را تجربه کنند و در مسائل مربوط به زندگی دچار مشکلات بیشتری شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Comparison of Unlogicul Believes and Self-Skilfullness and Psychological Best Lining in Patients Who are Affected to Migraine and Healthy Person

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohamad narimani 1
  • mohammad bagiyankoulemarz 2
  • Behnaz Mehdinejad moghadam 3
چکیده [English]

Objective: The present study aims to compare irrational beliefs, self-efficacy, and psychological well-being in healthy individuals and patients with migraine headaches. This study is a cross-sectional-comparative post event. Method: The statistical universe of this research includes all men and women suffering from migraine headaches, and all healthy men and women in Ardabil in 1390 (A.H). The subjects were 30 patients suffering from migraine headaches referred to psychological, neurological, and brain clinics selected by convenience sampling method, as well as 30 healthy people selected by cloning method (based on age, education level, and social-economic status). To collect data, the questionnaires of irrational beliefs, self-efficacy, and psychological well-being were used. Result: The results of multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and correlational coefficient showed that there was a significant difference between the two groups "Migraine sufferers and Healthy people" in terms of three variables of "self-efficacy, irrational beliefs, and psychological well-being" in the level of P≥0.01. Conclusion: The results showed that most psychological problems had their roots in irrational thoughts and beliefs about self, others and the world around. In other words, irrational beliefs in migraine patients cause stress and anxiety in their life, and much more difficulties in matters concerning life.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Self-efficacy
  • Irrational beliefs
  • psychological well-being
  • Migraine Headache
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