عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Objective: Family as an important social factor affecting chronic pain is considered by researchers in the field of pain because it is one of the most effective environments for people's physical and mental health.
Methods: Accordingly, a research was conducted to investigate the progression of phobia movement based on the dimensions of family functioning with a total of 100 patients with musculoskeletal pain using available random sampling. The questionnaires (FAD) and (TSK) questionnaire were used to examine the family function and the movement of chronic pain-related phobias.
Results: The results showed that the relationship between total family function and fear of motion variable is significant (α = 0.219) at α = 0.05. This relation is direct and among the dimensions of family function, emotional blend, emotional responsiveness and communication the greatest relationship was shown with this variable, and the dimensions of family function explained the amount of phobia motion due to chronic musculoskeletal pain.
Conclusion: This study showed that general family function can have an effect on panic disorder, problem solving, emotional blend, emotional response and direct communication.
خطیبی طباطبایی، م. ع (1386). «توجه انتخابی بیماران مبتلا به دردهای مزمن در برابر چهرهای دردناک». پایاننامه چاپنشده کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی. تهران: دانشگاه شهید بهشتی.##
Almeida, O. P.; Draper, B.; Snowdon, J.; Lautenschlager, N. T.; Pirkis, J.; Byrne, G. & pfaff, J. J. (2012). “Factors associated with suicidal thoughts in large commiunity sample of older adults”. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 201, 466-472.##Chenhall, P.J. (1998). Family function and Marital Satisfaction Reported by Women with Fibromyalgia, their Spouses, and Control Group. Doctorial thesis at Manitoba University.##French, D.J.; France, C.R.; Vigneau, F.; French, J.A. & Evans, T. (2007). “Fear of movement / (re) injury in chronic pain: A psychometric assessment of original English version of the Tampa scale for kinesiophobia”. Pain; 121(1&2): 42-51.##Hubscher, V.; Schmidt, F. & Banzer, W. (2010). “Perceived pain, fear of falling and physical function in women with osteoprorosis”. Gait & Posture, 32, 383,-385.##Gatchel, R.J. & Mayer, T.G. (2000). Occupational Musculoskeletal Disorder: Introduction and Overview of Problem.##Glicher, Y.; Croxford, R.; Hochman, J. & Hawker, G. (2011). “A prospective study of mental health care comorbid depressed mood in older adults with painful osteoarthritis”. BMC Psychiatry. 11, 147-157. doi:10. 1186/1471-244X-11-147##Guidlines for the pharmalogical management of chronic pain in primary care Desember )2012(. Approved by : port smouth and Sought East Hampshire Aria prescribing commitlee,Desember 2012.##Jensen, M.P.; Moore, M.R.; Bockow, T.B.; Ehde, D.M. & Engel, J.M. (2011). “psychosocial factors & adjustment to persistent pain in persons with physical disabilities: A systematic review”. Archives of phisycal medicine & rehabilitation, 92, 146-160.##Klenerman, L.; Slade, P.D.; Stanley, I.M.; Pennie, B.; Reilly, J.P.; Atkinso, L.E.; Troup, J.D.G.; Rose, M.J. (1995). “The prediction of chronicity in patients with an acute attack of low back pain in a general practice setting”. Spine; 4:478-484.##Kori, S.H.; Miller R.P. & Todd, D.D. (1990). Kinesiophobia: anew view chronic pain behavior management 3, 35-43.##Lang, P.J. (1995). “The emotion probe. Studies of motivation and attention”. AmPsychologist; 50:372-385.##Linton, S.J. (1986). “Behavioral remediation of chronic pain : A status report”. Pain, 24, 125-141.##Linton, S.J. & Buer, N. (1995) “Working despite pain: factors associated with work attendance versus dysfunction”. Int J Behav Med; 2(3):252±262.##Lum, T. Y.; Parashuram, S.; Shipee, T. P.; Wysocki, A.; Shipee, N. D.; Homyak, P. & Kane, R. L. (2013). “Diagnosed prevalence and health care expenditures of mental health disorders among dual eligible older people”. The Greontologist, 53, 334-344.##Lynch, M. E.; Campbell, F. A. & et al. (2008). “A systematic review of the effect of waiting for treatment for chronic pain”. Pain 136 (1-2): 97-116.##Martin R. R.; Hadjistavropoulos, T. & McCreary D. R. (2005). “Fear of pain and fear of falling among younger and older adults with musculoskeletal pain conditions”. Pain Research & management, 10, 211-219.##Mayer, T.G., Gatchel, R.J. & Polatin, P.B. (2000). Occupational Musculosk-eletal Disorder: function, outcomes and evidence (Eds). pp(3.8) Philadelphia Lippincott Williams & Wilkins##McCracken, L.M.; Gross, R.T.; Aikens, J. & Carnkike, J.R. (1996). “The assessment of anxiety and fear in persons with chronic pain: a comparison of instruments”. Behav Res Ther; 34:927-933.##McQuade, K.J; Turner, J.A; Buchner, D.M. (1988). “Physical fitness and chronic low back pain”. Clin Orthop Rel Res; 233:198-204.##Miller, I.W.; Ryan, C.E.; Keitner, G. I.; Bishop, D.S. & Epstein, N.B. (2000). “The McMaster Approach to Families: theory, assessment, treatment and research”. Journal of Family Therapy, 22: 168-189.##Parkinson, L.; Gibson, R.; Robinson, I. & Byles, J. (2010). “Older women and arthritis: tracking impact over time”. Australasian Journal on Aging, 29, 155-160.##Rachlin, H. (1980). Behaviorism in everyday life, Englewood Cliffs, HJ: Prentice-Hall.##Roelofs, J.; Sluiter, J.K.; Frings-Dresen M.W.; Goossens, M.; Thibault, T.; Boersma, K. & Vlaeyen, J.S. (2007). “Fear of movement and (re) injury in chronic musculoskeletal pain: Evidence for an invariant two-factor model of Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia across pain diagnoses and Dutch, Swedish, and Canadian Sample”. Pain; 131(1&2): 181-190.##Rowat, K.M., & Knafl, K.A. (1985). “Living with chronic pain : The spouse’s perspective”. Pain, 23, 259-271.##Sperry, L. (2006). Psychological Treatment of Chronic Illness. Ohiladelphia: FA Davis.##Smith, A.A. & Friedmann, M. (1999). “Perceived family dynamics of perpns with chronic pain”. Joumal of Advanced Nursing, 30, 543-551.##Tzun, E.H.; Albayrak, G.; Eker, & et al. (2004). “A comparison study of quality of life in women with fibromyalgia and myofasical pain syndrome”. Disability and Rehabilitation; 26: 198-202.##Vlaeyen, J. W. S.; Kole-Snijders, A. M. J.; Rotteveel, A.; Ruesink, R. & Heuts P. H. T. G. (1995b). “The role of fear of movement/(re)injury in pain disability”. J Occup Rehabil; 5:235-252.##Vlaeyen, J. W. S.; Kole-Snijders, A.; Boeren, R. & Van Eek, H. (1995). “Fear of movement/ (re) injury in chronic low back pain and its relation to behavioral performance”. Pain, 62, 363-373.##Vlaeyen, J. W .S. & Linton, S. J. (2000). “Fear-avoidance and its consequencesin chronic musculo-skeletal pain : a state pf art”. Pain , 85, 317-332.##Waddell, G.; Newton, M.; Henderson, L. & et al. (1993). “A Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FAPQ) and the role of fear-avoidance beliefs in chronic low back pain disability”. Pain; 52: 157-168.##Woods, N. F. & Lewis, F. M. (1995). “Womenwith chronicillness: Their views of their family adoption”. Health Care for Women International, 16, 135-148.##