کارکرد جنسی زنان: نقش طرحواره های جنسی و تصویر بدنی

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ایران، رودهن

2 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ایران، رودهن

چکیده

هدف: این پژوهش با هدف بررسی نقش طرحواره­های جنسی و تصویر بدنی بر کارکرد جنسی زنان انجام شده است.
روش: جامعه آماری شامل همه زنان متأهل پرستار شاغل در بیمارستان‌های دولتی تهران می‌باشد.200 نفر به روش نمونه­گیری چندمرحله­ای انتخاب شدند. آنها مقیاس طرحواره جنسی اندرسن و سیرانوسکی، پرسشنامه تصویر تن فیشر و شاخص کارکرد جنسی زنان را تکمیل کردند. 190 پرسشنامه به طور کامل پاسخ داده شده بود و بررسی شدند.
یافته­ ها: نتایج حاصل از تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد که بین طرحواره جنسی (01/0 p
نتیجه ­گیری:  طرحواره ­های جنسی و تصویر بدنی، کارکرد جنسی زنان متأهل را پیش­بینی می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Women Sexual Function: The role of Sexual – Self Schema and Body Image

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mina Mojtabaee 1
  • Hayde Saberi 1
  • Azizeh Alizadeh 2
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of Sexual Self-Schema and body image on Sexual function of married female nurses.
Method: Statistical population of the present study consists of all married female nurses of Tehran government hospitals. From which 200 individuals were selected by stratified sampling method. They Completed Sexual Self-Schema scale, Fisher Body image Quisetionnier and Female Sexual Function Index.190 Questionnaire were fully answered and were considered.
Results: The results of the regression analyses revealed that there were significant relationship between sexual self –schema (p0/05). Body satisfaction significantly correlated with desirable sexual function (pConclusion: Findings showed that Sexual Self-Schema and Body image can predict sexual function.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sexual Self-Schema
  • body image
  • sexual function
  • married women

سرمد، ز.؛ بازرگان، ع.؛ حجازی، ا. (1379). روش‌های تحقیق در علوم رفتاری. چاپ سوم. تهران: انتشارات آگاه.

عسگری، پ.؛ پاشا، غ.؛ امینیان، م. (1388). «بررسی ارتباط تنظیم هیجانی، فشارزاهای زندگی و تصویر بدنی با اختلالات خوردن در زنان». اندیشه و رفتار. دوره چهارم. شماره 13. ص  78-45. Body Image. (8). 78-81.

Cyranowski, J. M.; Arestad, S. L. & Andersen, B. (1999). "The role of sexual self-schema in a diatheses-stress self – scheme and sexual funcetion  amongng: model of sexual dysfunction". NIH public Access. 8 (3). 217- 228.

Dijkstra, H. & Barelds, D. P. H. (2010). "Women’s meta – perceptions of attractiveness and their relations to body image". Body Image xxx. 1-4.

Doeschka, J.; Spruijt-Metz, D.; VanStrien, T. & Engels, R. (2011). "The direct effect of thin ideal focused adult television on young girls’ ideal body figure". Body Image. (8). 26-33.

Donaghue, N. (2009). "Body satisfaction, sexual self – schema and subjective well –being in women". Body Image. (6). 37- 42.

Gilliland, M. J.; Windle, M.; Grunbaum, A.; Yancey, A.; Hoelscher, D. & Tortolero, S. R. (2006). "Body image and children mentalhealth related behavior". Pediatric psychology. (14). 1-12.

Gordera, E. D. (2011). "Self – Esteem, social support, collectivism, and the

کرینک، آ. م.؛ دیویدنسیون، ج. س.؛ نیل، ج. م.؛ جانسون، ش. ل. (1388) . آسیب شناسی روانی. ترجمه حمید شمسی­پور. چاپ اول. تهران: ارجمند. (تاریخ انتشار به زبان اصلی، 2007)، ص 523.

محمدی، خ.؛ حیدری، م.؛ فقیه­زاده. س. (1387). «اعتبار نسخه فارسی مقیاس به عنوان شاخص عملکرد جنسی زنان». فصلنامه پایش.  سال هفتم. شماره  دوم. 278 –269.

 Andersen, B. & Cyranowski, J. M. (2009). "Women sexuality: behaviors, responsesand individual difference". NIH  Publicaccess. 63 (6). 891- 906.

ــــــــــــ (1994). "Women sexual – self schema". Journal of Personality and Social  Psychology. 67 (6). 1079 -1100. 

Bakht, S. & Najafi, S. (2010). "Body I mage and sexual functions: camparision breast cancer patients". Proced Social and BehaviorScienc. (5). 1493-1497.

Caldwell, J. E. (2005). "Eating disorder symptoms, Body image, Attitudes and risk  factors in non – traditional Age female college students". Fac Dept PsychoL East Tenn State Univ. p. 39.

Cash, F. T. H.; Maikulla, C.H. & Yamamia, Y. (2004). "Baring of body image in bedroom 'body imag, sexual self-schema and sexual function among college women and men". Univ S.F. 1-13.

Caqueo – Urizar, A. (2011). "Associations between Sociocultural pressures to be thin, body distress, and eating disorder symptomatology among childrean adolescent girls".

 thin-ideal in Latina undergraduates". Body Image. (8). 82-85.

Hraboky, J. H.; Cash, T. F.; Veale, D.; Neziroglu, F.; Soll, E. A.; Garner, D. M.; Kinser, M. S. & Bakke, B. (2009). "Multidimensional body image comparisons among patients with eating disorders, body dysmorphic disorder, and clinical controls: A multisite study". Body Image. (6). 155-163.

Issoma, R.; Issoma, A. L.; Marttune, K.; Kaitiala-Hiino, R. & Bjorkqvist, K. (2011). "Logitodinal concomitants of incorrect weigh perception in female and   male adolescents". Body Image. (8). 58-65.

Koff, E.; Lucas, M.; Migliorini, R. & Grossmith, S. (2010). "Women and body dissatisfaction: Does sexual orientation make a difference"? Body Image. (304). 1-4.

Latha, K. S.; Hedge, S.; Bath, S.; Sharma, P. & pooji, R. (2006). "Body Image, Self- Esteem and Depression in Female Adolescent College". Journal of Indian Association Children and Adolescents Mental Health. 2 (3). 78-84.

Lindgren, K. P.; Schact, R. L.; Mullins, P. M. & Blayney, J. A. (2011). "Cognitive representation of sexual self-differ as a function of gender and sexual debut". Archive of Sexual Behavior. 40. 111-120.

Littleton, H.; Breitkopf, R. & Berenson, A. (2005). "Body Image and risky sexual behavior: An investigation in a tre-ethnic". Body Image. (2). 193-198.

McCalbgero, R. & Thompson, J. K. (2009). "Body image Potential implitions of the Objectification of women's bodies for womens sexual satisfaction". Body Image. (6). 145–148.

Mcvey, G. I.; KrishMarker, D.; Warker, K. S.; Mullane, J.; Lalibert, M.; Elis, J.; Vorderbrugge, J.; Burnett, A.; Cheung, L. & Bank, L. (2010). "Promoting Positive body image among yoniversity Student: A collaborative pilot study". Body Image. (7). 200-204.

Paxton, S. & Heinicke, B. E. (2008). Body image. Annu Rev Eat Disord. 2. 69-84.

Pujlos, Y.; Meston, M. C. & Seal, B. N. (2010). "The Association between Sexual Satisfaction and Body Image in Women". J Sex Med. 7 (27). 1-9.

Ramberan, K.; Austin, M. & Nichols, S. (2006). "Ethnicity, body image perception and weight– related behavior among adolescence, famels attitude secondary schools in Trinidad". West Indian Med. 55 (6). 388-393.

Rattan, N.; Kong, S. H.; Guidance, D.; Thakur, N. & Porthi, K. (2006). "State Self- Esteem in Relation to Weight Locus of Control amongst Adolescents". Indian Association of Children and Adolescence Mental Health. 2 (1). 31-34.

Rellini, H. E. & Meston, M. C. (2011). "Sexual Self – Schema, Sexual Responses of Women with a History of Childhood Sexual Abuse". Archive of Sexual Behavior. 40. 351-362.

Ressing, E.; Laliberete, G. M. & Davis, H. J. (2007). "Young women sexual adjustment: The role of sexual self-schema, sexual Efficacy, sexual aversion and body attiudes". Canadian Journal of Sexual Research. 79-87.

Rumsey, N. & Harcourt, D. (2004). "Body image and disfiguration: Issue and interventions". Body Image. (1). 83-97.

Schooler, D. & Trinh, S. (2011). "Longitudinal associtation, between television viewing patterns and adolescents body satisfaction". Body Image. (8). 34- 42.

Stinsky, S.; Reece, M.; Dennis, B.; Sanders, S. & Bardzell, S. (2012). "An assessment of body appreciation and its relationship to sexual function in women". Body Image. (9). 137- 144.

 

Wood – Baracalow, N.; Teacy, L. T. & Casey, L. (2010). "But I like my Body, Posetive Body Image characteristic and a holistic Model of Young- adult wamen". Body Image. (7). 106 – 116.

Widerman, M. W. & Hurst, S. (1997). "Physical Attractiveness body Image and women sexual self- schema". Psychol Women Q. (21). 567-575.

Yammato, C.; Uemoto, M.; Shinkfuka, N. & Maeda, K. (2006). "The usefulness of Body Image Test in The Prevention of Eating Disorder". Kobe J Med Sci. 53. (3). 79-91.