نقش مرحله ی بیماری، ادارک بیماری ، نیازهای برآورده نشده و خستگی در پیش بینی کیفیت زندگی بیماران مبتلا به سرطان

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی،اردبیل، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی ،اردبیل، ایران.

3 متخصص رادیوتراپی ، بیمارستان شهید مدنی تبریز، تبریز ، ایران.

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی بالینی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی ، اردبیل،ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: سرطان فشار روانی زیادی را به وجود می‌آورد و می‌تواند به‌طور معنادار بر کیفیت زندگی و تقریباً هر جنبه از زندگی فرد آسیب برساند. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی نقش مرحله بیماری، ادراک بیماری، نیازهای برآورده نشده و خستگی در پیش‌بینی کیفیت زندگی این بیماران است. روش: نمونه پژوهش 120 بیمار بستری در بیمارستان شهدا تجریش شهر تهران در سال 1393 است که به‌صورت هدفمند انتخاب شده است. برای گردآوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه­های کیفیت زندگی بیماران مبتلا به سرطان (FACT-G)، خستگی در درمان سرطان (FACT-F)، ادراک بیماری (R-IBQ) و نیازهای بیماران مبتلا به سرطان (SCNS-SF34) استفاده شده است. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون رگرسیون چندگانه استفاده گردید. یافته‌ها: مدل کلی رگرسیون حاکی از معنی‌داری نقش متغیرهای مرحله بیماری، ادراک بیماری، نیازهای برآورده نشده و خستگی در پیش‌بینی کیفیت زندگی بیماران بود (01/0p<). نتیجه‌گیری: در کنار ارائه مراقبت‌های جسمی، توجه به مؤلفه‌های روان‌شناختی در زندگی بیماران مبتلا به سرطان جهت افزایش کیفیت زندگی این بیماران، حائز اهمیت خواهد بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The role of disease stage illness perceptions , unmet needs and fatigue in predicting quality of life in patients with cancer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nader Hajloo 1
  • Osha Barahmand 2
  • Ali Adili 3
  • Mahnaz Fathi 4
1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of educational sciences and psychology,MohagheghArdabili University, Ardabil, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of educational sciences and psychology,MohagheghArdabili University, Ardabil, Iran.
4 M.A
چکیده [English]

Objective: Cancer creates a lot of stress and can significantly affect quality of life. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of stage of disease, illness perceptions, unmet needs and fatigue in predicting the quality of life of patients with cancer. Method: The sample consisted of 120 hospitalized patients in Tehran's Shohada hospital in 2014 that was selected purposefully. For data collecting, were used the Cancer-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (FACT-G), Fatigue in Cancer Therapy (FACT-F), Illness Perception (R-IBQ) and a Short-Form of Questionnaire for Needs of Cancer patients (SCNS -SF34). Multiple regressions was used to analyze the data. Findings: The general regression model showed significant role of disease stage, illness perception, unmet needs and fatigue in predicting the life quality of patients (p<0/01). Conclusion: In addition to providing physical care, attention to the psychological component in the lives of cancer patients to improve quality of life, will be important.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cancer
  • Quality of Life
  • disease stage
  • illness perceptions
  • unmet needs
  • Fatigue
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