شفقت ـ خود به‌عنوان میانجی بین ابعاد دل‌بستگی با بهزیستی ذهنی: یک مدل تحلیل مسیر

نوع مقاله: علمی- پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

مقدمه: این مطالعه با هدف بررسی مدل رابطه ابعاد دل‌بستگی با بهزیستی ذهنی با میانجی‌گری شفقت-خود در پرسنل زن و مرد زندان سپیدار شهر اهواز در سال 1393 انجام گرفته است. روش: جامعه آماری این مطالعه شامل کلیه پرسنل زن و مرد زندان سپیدار شهر اهواز (230 نفر) بود که از این تعداد بر اساس 115 نفر به‌صورت داوطلب-در دسترس با رعایت کلیه موازین اخلاق پژوهش به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند و مقیاس‌های تجارب در رابطه نزدیک (ECR)، شفقت ـ خود (SCS) و بهزیستی ذهنی (WEMWBS) را تکمیل کردند. داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون سلسله مراتبی به روش بارون و کنی (1986) به‌وسیله نرم‌افزار آماری 21-SPSS تحلیل شدند. یافته‌ها: یافته‌های مدل شفقت-خود به‌عنوان میانجی بین دل‌بستگی‌های اضطرابی و اجتنابی و بهزیستی ذهنی هم برای مسیرهای مستقیم و هم برای مسیرهای غیرمستقیم تأیید گردید. نتیجه‌گیری: درنتیجه می‌توان بیان کرد که داشتن دل‌بستگی‌های ایمن نقش بسزایی در سلامت و بهزیستی ذهنی انسان‌ها دارد اما از نقش بی‌بدیل شفقت-خود که واسطه بین سبک‌های دل‌بستگی و بهزیستی ذهنی است نباید غافل شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Self-compassion As Mediator Between Attachment Dimensions With Mental Well-being: A Path Analysis Model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gh Rajabi 1
  • E Maghami 2
1 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran.
2 M.A Student in Psychology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the model of self-compassion as mediator between attachment dimensions with mental well-being in male and female personnel Sepidar prisoner city of Ahvaz was conducted. Method: 115 men and female from personnel Sepidar prison city of Ahvaz were selected by voluntary-available sampling method, and completed the Experience Close Relationship, Attachment Dimensions, Self-compassion, and Warwick-Edinburg Mental Well-being scales. The present study is descriptive-correlation and analysis of data was carried using simple correlation coefficient and h regression analysis by Baron and Kenny (1986), using SPSS-21 software. Results: The finding of self-compassion model was confirmed as mediating between anxiety and avoidant attachments and mental well-being both for direct paths and both for indirect paths. Conclusion: In result can suggest that safe attachments has role of important in health and well-being, but should not neglected of unique role of self–compassion that mediating between attachment styles and mental well-being.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • self-compassion
  • anxiety attachment
  • avoidance attachment
  • mental well-being

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